GAZ stands for "Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod" which means Gorky Automobile Plant.
It was founded in 1929 as a Soviet factory for the production of Automobiles.
In the beginning GAZ built licences models of the US American Ford Motor Company,
later it became a manufacturer for a wide portfolio of vehicles: passenger cars,
offroad-cars, trucks, busses and military vehicles. GAZ built cars under different
brands like Volga or Chaika.